We’ve already talked about gardening supplies, but have you also cleaned and sanitized the rest of the tools you’ll be using for spring chores? Leftover dirt or plants may contain bacteria or mold spores. You don’t have to get any expensive media, just add vinegar to warm water and let the tools soak for 10-15 minutes in a basin or bucket. After disinfection, do not forget to rinse, dry or use oil to prevent them from corroding.
Some tools will also be good for sharpening. In addition to garden shears, pay attention to lawnmower blades. Spades and shovels should also be lightly sharpened, especially if they have a pointed tip designed to cut into the soil.
Fertilizes beds and soil
A few weeks before planting, you need to prepare the soil. As soon as the snow melts and the soil dries well, we will start preparing the flower beds. It is necessary to loosen the soil, break the clods and add fertilizer to the beds, remove all weeds. It is enough for a small flower bed hoe a shovel. Apply fertilizer, substrate, peat, sand or anything else that needs to be added to the soil evenly.
The soil loses a lot of nutrients during the winter, so it is necessary to restore them. The best option is organic fertilizers in the form of manure or mature garden compost. They help create humus and the appropriate soil microfauna.
Although manure must first be composted and fermented, regular compost can be added right away. Its advantage is that it is suitable for all types of vegetables, just pour it on a dug bed and work it to a depth of approximately 10 cm.
Once the soil has been dug and fertilized, level the surface with a rake and let it rest undisturbed for three weeks.
Before you start sowing seeds and planting seedlings, plan out where everything will go and prepare the soil accordingly. Different plants have different needs: tomatoes need a lot of calcium to prevent blossom rot. Pansies and petunias will use phosphorus during flowering.
Get rid of the clutter
Fallen leaves, twigs and branches, old fruit – all this contributes to the spread of fungi and molds that weaken the health of plants. When it’s good, take a rake or leaf blower to help and remove everything, including dry grass. Even trees, shrubs and hedges need a rejuvenating trim. For the tree, consider the variety, each species needs different care. Cut bushes and hedges harder. A cut ten to twenty centimeters below the ideal height will do no harm. Plants grow quickly.
Rainwater and compost
Rainwater harvesting is essential for gardening. It is the best source of watering for the plants and for us, because it is free. Rainwater is most appreciated by heather plants such as camellias, rhododendrons and blueberries, as tap water is often slightly alkaline. Therefore, it is worth buying a container for the garden where the rainwater will be collected.
Right now is also a good time to start compost in the garden. It is best to buy ready-made composter, which includes all organic waste (grass clippings, woody debris, but also vegetable peels, string, fruit). Sawdust, leaves, bark, nut shells can also be composted. However, you must first process cut branches from hedges, trees or perhaps a raspberry in an era. Once everything has broken down, you will have rich compost for your garden plants.
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Wash the exterior with a suitable detergent to remove algae, moss and any dirt. This will allow more light into the greenhouse, while eliminating a potential breeding ground for pests and diseases. Don’t forget indoors, either—overwintering pests can be found in even the tiniest of nooks and crannies. Sweep up all plant debris from the floor and benches and wash the areas with a hot solution of garden disinfectant. Rinse pots and bowls. Ventilate the greenhouse well to dry it.
Retain rainwater in the garden
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